The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) is an international body which jurisdiction extends to all Member States of the Council of Europe that have ratified the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. It resolves issues regarding application and interpretation of the Convention, including inter-state affairs and individual claims.
The European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which entered into force on September 3, 1956, not only proclaimed the fundamental human rights but also created a special mechanism for their protection. The European Court is intended to ensure full compliance with and enforcement of the provisions of the Convention by its contracting parties. It accomplishes this task by hearing and resolving specific cases of individuals, groups of persons and organizations. It is also possible for a Member of the Council of Europe to file a complaint with the Court stating that another Member State has violated the Convention.
Ratification of the Convention by Russia allows all persons under its jurisdiction, to apply to the European Court if they believe their rights have been violated. This right is also proclaimed in the Russian Constitution ( Part 3, Article 46), which states that “everyone shall have the right, in accordance with international treaties ratified by the Russian Federation, to apply to international bodies seeking protection of their human rights and freedoms, if all domestic remedies have been exhausted.” However, only the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Convention and its Protocols may be the subject of a complaint to the European Court of Human Rights.
Russia, which ratified the European Convention in 1998, is the leader in the total number of claims submitted to the European Court of Human Rights and it occupies the 18th place in the number of these complaints per person.
In this area out attorneys provide the following legal services:
- Consultations on the norms of the European Convention on Human Rights;
- Assistance with drafting and submission of complaints to the European Court of Human Rights;
- Preparation and submission of complaints to the European Court of Human Rights;
- Representation before the European Court of Human Rights;
- Legal translations;
- Assistance with correspondence with the European Court of Human Rights.